The International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation mourns the loss of passionate supporter and Veteran advocate.
In Memoriam: Martin R. Hoffmann, Army Secretary 1975-1977
April 20, 1932 - July 14 - 2014
Martin Richard Hoffmann, former Secretary of the Army, a tireless veterans advocate, died on Monday, July 14, 2014, at the age of 82. Among many other accomplishments, he was a core member of the Coalition seeking to use HBOT to get immediate help to the hundreds of thousands of service members and civilians suffering from brain injuries and the invisible wounds of war:
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
A guiding principle throughout Marty’s career was continual improvement in all aspects of the experience and well-being of our soldiers. From training to equipment, from health care to emotional & financial support for families,
whether during active service or after discharge, Marty sought to honor their commitment to our country by securing the best for them.
Following the events of 9/11 and the beginning of the Afghan war, Marty helped to form and develop the Defense Resources Support Office - Afghanistan. It was in-country that he personally witnessed the devastating effects of IEDs and the debilitating results of TBI and PTSD. After seeing Hyperbaric Oxygen save a close friend and colleague from the ravages of both TBI and PTSD, he recognized the potential of this treatment to help hundreds of thousands of soldiers and veterans. Working with expert physicians worldwide, members of the US Congress and the Armed Services, state officials across the country and other dedicated patriots, Marty was instrumental in helping raise awareness and promoting the effective use of, and continued research about,
Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment for TBI. Never was his passion for the well being, care, and treatment of our soldiers and their families more intense than during his work on this campaign.
For Secretary Hoffmann, the service members came first. Active and effective treatment of all their wounds was his goal and he firmly believed that Hyperbaric Oxygen was a path to successful treatment of TBI.
“… the effects of the TBI/PTSD epidemic will linger for years (with its epidemics of suicides and broken homes) if not confronted now . The more than 1,000 HBOT-capable clinics across the country represent a pivotal asset in addressing this, the most recent national tragedy affecting Military Wartime Wounded.“
Martin R. Hoffmann, Secretary of the Army (1975-1977)
Navy League Address
Martin Richard Hoffmann
Published in The Washington Post on July 22, 2014
Martin Richard Hoffmann, former Secretary of the Army, tireless veterans advocate, bluegrass aficionado and mountain tenor, fearless downhill skier, craftsman, sailor, environmentalist, poet, patriot, inspirational and fun-loving father and grandfather, and devoted and beloved husband, died on Monday, July 14, 2014, at the age of 82. Born in Stockbridge MA, Marty moved with his family to Colorado Springs, CO. during WWII. Though he returned East for school, his early life in the West shaped his character and left him with a life-long love of bluegrass music and alpine skiing, and life-shaping experience as a woodsman and logger. He was a graduate of The Middlesex School of Concord, MA in 1950 and of Princeton University in 1954. In the fall of that year he enlisted in the US Army, and, after completing Artillery School and OCS at Fort Sill, OK, was commissioned in November 1955 as a 2nd Lieutenant. He attended Airborne School at Fort Bragg, NC and then served in the 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, KY. In 1958, he left active service having achieved the rank of 1st Lieutenant, to serve in the Reserve and attend the Law School at the University of Virginia, from which he graduated in 1961. While serving in the Reserve he achieved the rank of Major, and remained in the US Army until 1975, when he resigned and was Honorably Discharged, in preparation for becoming Secretary. Once out of law school, Marty married the former Margaret McCabe of New Kensington, PA, and began to work as a lawyer in several capacities in and around the US Government including at the US Court of Appeals and in the US Attorney's office. In 1965, he became Minority Counsel on the Judiciary Committee for the US House of Representatives; and in 1967 moved to the Senate chambers as Legal Counsel to Senator Charles Percy (R. IL). In 1969 he moved to Dallas, TX to be Assistant General Counsel of the University Computing Company and, two years later, returned to Washington to continue serving his country. Starting in 1971, he served as the General Counsel of the Atomic Energy Commission under then Chairman James Schlesinger. In 1973, he moved to the Pentagon when Mr. Schlesinger became Secretary of Defense and served as The Special Assistant to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense; General Counsel for the Department of Defense; and, in 1975, was sworn in as Secretary of the US Army. As the civilian head of the Army, under Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and President Gerald R. Ford, Marty presided over the development of the All-Volunteer Force; a review of weapons system procurement and the development of new systems, including the Abrams Tank, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and the Apache Helicopter; and guided the Army through the challenges of the cheating scandal at West Point in 1976. Following the results of the Presidential election in 1976, Hoffmann resigned his position and moved to the private sector, though his support of, dedication to and involvement with the US Army never faltered throughout his life. In 1977, Marty opened the Washington DC office for the Chicago-based law firm of Gardner, Carton and Douglas. As managing partner, he directed the growth and development of the office, working nationally and internationally. Aware of the coming of the computer age, Hoffmann moved to Digital Equipment Corporation in Maynard, MA. in 1989 as a vice president and General Counsel and later joined M.I.T. as a Senior Visiting Fellow for 2 years in the Center for Policy, Technology & Industrial Development. Returning to Washington in 1995 to be Of Counsel to Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, Marty worked on a wide range of projects. From the 1990s into the early 2000s, Marty was also involved on the Boards of several organizations and businesses, including Mitretech Systems, Inc.; SeaChange, Inc.; Castle Energy; Friends For Tomorrow; Center for International Management and Education; International Executive Service Corps; and Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs, among others. In 2000, Marty returned to the service of his country at the Pentagon, again under Donald Rumsfeld, aiding with the transition team for the new administration. Following the events of 9/11 and the beginning of the Afghan war, Marty helped to form and develop the Defense Resources Support Office - Afghanistan. Implemented through the US Army and designed to support the Afghan people in redeveloping all sectors, the group worked to provide on-the-ground, expert consultants to work directly with the Afghan people. Both through the eyes of this program and personally witnessing, on civilian and uniformed colleagues, the effects of IED attacks, Marty observed the devastating results of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and subsequent Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). For the last 7 years of his life Marty worked tirelessly for the advancement and use of Hyperbaric Oxygen in the treatment of soldiers suffering from TBI and PTSD. Working with expert physicians, members of the US Congress, members of the Armed Services, state officials across the country and other dedicated patriots, Marty was instrumental in helping raise awareness and promoting the effective use of and continued research about Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment for TBI. Never was his passion for the well being, care, and treatment of our soldiers and their families more intense than during his work on this campaign. A resident of Washington, DC; Flint Hill, VA; and Taos, NM; Marty was equally happy working a chainsaw or skidding logs with his tractor in the woods near the Rappahannock river; cruising the runs of Taos Ski Valley;
flat-picking his guitar and singing with his band at a club in the DC area; or sailing onto a mooring (despite protests from the crew)
on a sailboat in the waters anywhere from Maine to the Caribbean.
But never was he happier than when he was able to share time and adventures with his family, whom he loved dearly. Marty is survived by his beloved Muggy; his sisters Elizabeth Longstreet, Cecil Hoffmann, and Molly MacKinnon; his children Cecil (Heidi) Hoffmann Slye and her husband Paul, Bill Hoffmann and his partner Donna Fava, Bern Hoffmann and his wife Jenni;
and by his grandchildren McCabe and Sam Slye and Park Hoffmann.
In lieu of flowers, donations may be made "In Memory of Martin Hoffmann" to The International Hyperbaric Medical Foundation (IHMF),
8210 Cinder Bed Road, Suite C-3, Lorton, VA 22079-1135.
Martin Richard Hoffmann
Published in The Washington Post on July 22, 2014
By Emily Langer July 22 at 8:45 PM
Martin R. Hoffmann dies; Army secretary helped guide academy through scandal
Secretary of the Army Martin R. Hoffmann reviews the troops in 1975. With him is Col. Robert Clark,
followed by Gen. Frederick C. Weyand. (Charles del Vecchio/The Washington Post)
Martin R. Hoffmann, a lawyer and onetime enlisted soldier who became secretary of the Army and helped guide the service through a high-profile cheating scandal at the West Point military academy in the mid-1970s, died July 14 at a hospital in Warrenton, Va.
He was 82. The cause was complications from cancer, said his wife, Margaret “Muggy” Hoffmann.
Mr. Hoffmann enlisted in the Army in 1954, received his commission after Officer Candidate School and served in the 101st Airborne Division. He later joined the Army Reserve and pursued legal training.
He was working as a lawyer in 1971 when President Richard M. Nixon named James R. Schlesinger chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. Schlesinger hired Mr. Hoffmann as the commission’s general counsel, or chief legal officer. When Schlesinger became Nixon’s defense secretary in 1973, he took Mr. Hoffmann with him as a special assistant. Mr. Hoffmann, the New York Times once wrote, was Schlesinger’s “gray eminence” at the Pentagon and later became the Defense Department’s general counsel.
Gerald R. Ford, who became president in 1974 after Nixon’s resignation amid the Watergate scandal, named Mr. Hoffmann secretary of the Army. He held the post from August 1975 until shortly after President Jimmy Carter took office in 1977.
Mr. Hoffmann served for much of his tenure underDefense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld,
who had been a classmate at Princeton University.
As the Army’s senior civilian leader, Mr. Hoffmann helped the service continue the transition to an all-volunteer
force that began with the abolition of the draft in 1973.
He also helped oversee the development and acquisition of major weapons systems such as Abrams tanks, Bradley infantry fighting vehicles and Apache helicopters, said Raymond F. DuBois, a longtime aide
who is now a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Mr. Hoffmann’s most prominent role came amid the cheating incident at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
In 1976, the academy was rocked by allegations that dozens and perhaps hundreds of cadets had cheated on a take-home electrical engineering test. The academy’s storied honor code held that “a cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal nor tolerate those who do."
The only punishment for a violation was expulsion.
The response to the revelations — within the academy, among military leaders and in the general public — was strong and mixed. Supporters of the code argued that it maintained order and ethics and that violators should be punished severely. Others argued that the system was too harsh and that the honor code was applied inconsistently.
Mr. Hoffmann appointed a commission — led by Frank Borman, a former astronaut — to investigate the allegations. The panel found that the military academy bore a degree of institutional responsibility for the cheating
because of the “inconsistent” and “at times corrupt” execution of the honor code.
In his final weeks as Army secretary, Mr. Hoffmann approved a recommendation by the panel to readmit cadets who had become entangled in the scandal. He supported a year’s suspension, while the panel had recommended speedier re-enrollment.
Mr. Hoffmann also supported changing the honor code to allow greater
discretion in disciplinary action, rather than automatic expulsion.
Martin Richard Hoffmann was born April 20, 1932, in Stockbridge, Mass. He was a 1954 English literature graduate of Princeton and a 1961 graduate of the University of Virginia law school. Serving in the Army Reserve, he attained the rank of major.
Early in his legal career, he was an assistant U.S. attorney in Washington, minority counsel on the U.S. House Judiciary Committee and a legal counsel to Sen. Charles H. Percy (R-Ill.).
After his tenure as Army secretary, Mr. Hoffmann went back to legal work.
When Rumsfeld returned to the office of defense secretary in 2001, under President George W. Bush, he asked Mr. Hoffmann to help assemble his senior advisers, DuBois recalled. After the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, Mr. Hoffmann assisted Rumsfeld on matters including the war in Afghanistan and the treatment of traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder, said DuBois.
Survivors include his wife of 52 years, the former Margaret McCabe, of the District; three children, Cecil “Heidi” Hoffmann Slye of Los Angeles, William Hoffmann of Chennai, India, and Bernhard Hoffmann of Falls Church, Va.; three sisters; and three grandchildren.